Focus Group Interview

Focus Group Interview – Do My Homework For Money

Focus group is an informal, unstructured interviewing technique that allows probing a group of participants together (Burns, 2000; Zikmund et al., 2012). This technique is particularly useful for exploratory research studies as it is highly cost effective in view of the variety of information it yields by allowing the researcher to investigate the phenomenon in depth from various perspectives. The method, being flexible in nature as it utilizes an unstructured interview, gives the liberty to the investigator to explore the problem from different dimensions yielding a variety of information at the preliminary phase of research. This knowledge is extremely helpful in understanding the problem better and the researcher can ascertain the root problem by isolating the symptoms. The business can gain significant information from the focus group discussions by comprehending the perspectives, feelings, beliefs, motivations, aspirations, apprehensions of the various interest groups in the process like the employees, the customers, the suppliers, the retailers or any other. suppose there is business which is addressing the development of a new product then the focus group of the prospective users of the product/service can be beneficial in knowing the expectations of the customers to identify the features they desire in this, similarly the focus group discussion with the members of the technical team can be useful in ascertaining the feasibility of the proposed features with respect to the operational, economic and commercial aspects. Once a product is developed the use of the focus groups can be beneficial in introducing the update in the product/service as per the changing needs of the product/service. In order to construct a focus group one need to schedule a common interview of the participants either at a physical place or in a virtual environment like through video conferencing or so. These participants are usually the members of a homogenous group like the customers, the employees; the reason for this can be explained by the fact that the people with similarity in background will have similar kinds of concerns and issues that can be vocalized more easily in presence of each other. If there is a disparity in the background of the focus group members then they may not be comfortable in citing their concerns in presence of each other, for example the business competitors; the employees and management people together etc.  The size of the group chosen for the focus group discussion is usually between 6 to 12 and the physical environment where in this interview is conducted is ensured to be comfortable and relaxed (Zikmund et al., 2012). The role of the moderator in determining the success of the focus group is extremely critical as he makes sure that the group members participate whole heartedly in the discussion and there are no conflicts along with ensuring that the discussion does not deviate away from main course of discussion. The choice of conducting the appropriate type of focus group will be made among the methods including : (1) client-participant group wherein the group comprises of one or more client representatives; (2) dual-moderator group which is usually conducted with the help of  two moderators involving the traditional as well as the dueling moderators; (3) mini group technique; (4) making use of online focus groups; (5) the respondent-moderator group wherein the role of moderator is taken by the selected participants temporarily for the sake of improving the group dynamics; (6) the tele-sessions or the telephonic focus groups; (7) the two-way group where the one focus group observed the activities and discussions of the other focus group and makes a listing of the learning and (8) the video-conference focus group discussion. The choice between the methods would be highly dependent on the sampling entities which comprise the focus group, their ease of availability, the time when they can be contacted, the communication means that can be used to gain access to them, their comfort level with respect to the other members of the group etc. The duration of the focus group can be around 1-1 ½ hours depending upon the response of the group members. The number of sessions required for the technique is usually three or four but can be extended if the number of interest group is larger. The findings procured from the focus group discussion can be recorded by using the content analysis technique which is used for analyzing the qualitative data obtained from this discussion (Burns, 2000).

Suppose a marketer wants to ascertain the factors that influence the purchase decision of smartphone devices. Then a face to face focus group with customer groups representing the targeted population along with the focus group of the industry experts and that of the sales executives involved in the sale of smartphone can be conducted to gain an understanding of the various factors which influence the customer purchase decision. Some of the questions that can be used for the focus group interview are as follows;

  1. Since how many years are you using mobile phone?
  2. Since how long are you using your current service Provider?
  3. Which handset are you currently using?
  4. What are the various jobs that you perform with your current mobile?
  5. What are the factors that you consider before purchasing a mobile phone?
  6. What was the most important factor that you considered when you purchased your last mobile handset?
  1. What are the limitations that you face while working with your current mobile phone?
  2. What features would you like to have in your mobile phone?
  3. If you are a smartphone owner what propelled your motivation to purchase the device?
  4. What would you like a “smartphone” to do for you?
  5. Who are the people whose advice you consider before purchasing a handset?
  6. Is the brand of the device an important factor in influencing your purchase decision?
  7. How important is the price of the device for you to purchase the smartphone handset?
  8. Would you buy an expensive smartphone? If yes, why?
  9. If you have to prioritize among the price, features, the ease of use, the brand image what will be your ranking and why?
  10. How do you obtain information on the device?
  11. When you think about the image of the brand what things come to your mind?
  12.  What things do you associate with the brand that you believe can improve the brand image?
  13. Would you like to recommend the brand to others if you find it functioning well?
  14. Would you like to recommend the brand to others if you find it yielding satisfaction regarding product?
  15. Besides simplifying your work, what other things do you think are important to make one purchase smartphone?
  16. Do you believe that using a smartphone boosts your social image?
  17. Do you believe that smartphone simplifies the modern contemporary life?
  18. Do you believe that the use of smartphone has grown into a necessity with the rush that we face in daily lives?




Burns, B.R. (2000). Introduction to Research Methods (5th Ed.). Sage Publications.

Zikmund, W., Babin, B., Carr, J., & Griffin, M. (2012). Business research methods. Cengage Learning.


History Discussion Board


As the new america moved forward to make a better america they came across many hardships and decisions to make. Running a new place was not easily done. They needed money, time, and plans to start their new empire.

Thomas Jefferson viewed Louisiana as a bother to the states. Manifest destiny was a part of these times that people would want to take over large parts of land to keep fulfillment and power. He decided to buy this very large piece of land that was in his way of fulfilling the dream of a new part of the united states that would come to be.

Jefferson decided that he would buy Louisiana from napoleon. Napoleon at the time was the owner of Louisiana land.He was a very high level military official at a very young age. Napoleon had great ideas for the land like”his dream of a new world empire”(“The Brief American Pageant”) that he let go because”he failed to reconquer the sugar rich island of santo domingo..and because the British controlled the seas.”(“The Brief American Pageant”)  He foresaw problems that might arise later therefore decided to sell the land that he owned instead of letting things get more complicated. He sold the land for money that he could use for his next plan.

Jefferson saw the chance to buy the land that napoleon was selling. He sent his men to claim the land and buy it. “After about a week of haggling, the treaties were signed on April 30, 1803, ceding Louisiana to the united states for about $15 million.”(“The Brief American Pageant”)

The Louisiana purchase was a big chunk of land that was bought from napoleon. This land later was separated and named as states we now know today as South Dakota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and parts of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, Texas, Louisiana, Minnesota, and  North Dakota.

Some of the long term impacts that the purchase had on the United states was that they now expanded twice the size that they were before. There were more settlements built and more people coming in to build on the new land. One of the short term impact was that napoleon got his money which caused the u.s. to lose money.

Works Cited

Kennedy, David, Lizabeth Cohen, and Mel Piehl. The Brief American Pageant. 8th ed. Vol. 1:to 1877. Wadsworth 20 Channel Center Street Boston, MA 02210 USA: Suzanne Jeans, 2012. Print.



Jefferson did not miss the chance to buy the Louisiana land form Napolean which made a great impact on the history. In spite of the short comings of the deal, the size of the United States that got doubled after the Louisiana Purchase could not be outwitted which brought more control to the United States.




The Louisiana Purchase was the “most magnificent real-estate bargain in history – 828,000 square miles at about three cents an acre” (Kennedy).  Thomas Jefferson purchased roughly half the contiguous United States. The French needed money to fund Napoleon’s war, so they sold much of their interest in the United States, which happened to be a ton of land throughout the middle of the country.

The Louisiana Purchase came about because Napoleon “abandoned” his dream of a New World Empire (Kennedy). In which, he decided to sell all of Louisiana which stretched all across the United States reaching the states that we know today as: Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; the area of Minnesota that is west of the Mississippi River; a large portion of North Dakota; a large portion of South Dakota; the northeastern section of New Mexico; the northern portion of Texas; the area of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; Louisiana west of the Mississippi River (plus New Orleans). The second reason Napoleon sold Louisiana was the fact that he failed to reconquer the sugar-rich island of Santo Domingo (Haiti). The third reason he sold Louisiana was to “end the twenty-month lull in his deadly conflict with Britain. Because the British controlled the seas, and he feared that he might be forced to make them a gift of Louisiana (Kennedy).

The short and long-term impacts that the Louisiana Purchase made on the United States were as follows: One of the short term impacts that the Louisiana Purchase had on the United States was that Napoleon got the financing he needed to launch a new wave of wars of aggression and conquest across Europe. Also, another short term impact was that the “United States was free from the last significant European power from the North American continent” (Kennedy). Whereas, long term impacts was the spread of the USA as far west as the Pacific, and the destruction of the Native American population and appropriation of their lands – as a deliberate matter of state policy by successive US governments – during the rest of the 19th century.

Work Cited

Kennedy, David M., and Lizabeth Cohen. “Chapter 11: The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic.” The Brief American Pageant: A History of the Republic. 8th ed. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2012. Print.


When Napoleon was losing interest on the dream of New World Empire, the whole land of Louisiana was sold to the United States. Otherwise, may be the United States had not owned the huge land mass in a short time. With many short coming of the Louisiana Purchase also, there are major benefits of the deal.




The Louisiana Purchase was a land deal made by the United States, more specifically James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston, with France, Napoleon Bonaparte. The deal was over ownership of most of the land going east of the United States, an estimate of 828,000 square miles, for the grand total of $15 million. Originally Thomas Jefferson set a budget at $10 million but had set his eyes primarily on the Mississippi region, which included New Orleans, and would try to get as much additional land as he could. For an extra $5 million, he was able to significantly expand the United States while also eliminating any remaining European power in the New World.

Before this purchase was made, Napoleon originally wanted his own part of the New World and was going through Spain to do so. Jefferson knew the kind of threat Napoleon would be if he claimed ownership to the Mississippi region, more specifically New Orleans, so he sent James Monroe to France to try and buy this region from him for a maximum budget of $10 million. James Monroe met up with Robert Livingston and both men negotiated with Napoleon for the land. Napoleon eventually dropped the idea of remaining in ownership of a part of the New Worlds and sold not only New Orleans but a bigger section of America. This was much more than what was being asked for and they knew they had to act fast. One of the bigger changes, besides the dramatic increase of land, was that of price. Jefferson had declared that $10 million was the maximum price, but rather Napoleon wanted $15 million. Not wanting to miss out on such a great deal, it was accepted. Napoleon got news that the deal was made but not for his set price. One would be upset if they hadn’t made the greatest land purchase for the country. This purchase nearly doubled the size of the United States.

The short term impacts of this purchase were that now that the United States had nearly doubled in size, would this new land consist of slave states or free states? In other words, this greatly increased the tension between the northern and southern states. Being that the United States had increased so drastically in such a short time frame, slavery was a pressing issue.

The longer term impact of this purchase was the desire to continue increasing the United States. After the Louisiana Purchase, the Americans believed that it was their given birthright to claim ownership from coast to coast. With this thought in mind, nothing would hold them back from claiming ownership of the land. This is how the destruction of the Native American population came to be. The Native Americans were the only ones who were in the way of the expansion and being that they were viewed as a threat, destruction was the only way seen possible to achieve their goal.



Kennedy, David, Lizabeth Cohen, and Mel Piehl. “1.” The Brief American Pageant. 8th ed. Vol. 1. Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Print.


Though this greatly increased the tension between the northern and southern states but the control over the Mississippi gave the United States a lot of benefits. Without the acquisition of the Louisiana land, the United States had never had the vast land area that it presently has. Yes, it is also true that the pressing issue of slavery become more prominent due to the drastically increase of the land area in such a short time.

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Unix Processes & Job Control”

Processes and jobs are essentially one in the same thing in Unix. Processes or jobs are actually commands or programs running on the system. From the shell typing in a command executes that as a running process until it is finished, so far in this class most of the commands have been simple and finish by outputting the results of the command to the screen or to a file if redirected. In these cases the shell just enters a dormant period waiting for the command to finish. As users we do have the option of sending commands to be run in the background, which will return the shell to the user allowing them to continue working on other things. The user also has ability to view jobs running in the background, switch back to the running process, or even forcefully terminate the process.

A process is any form of executable code that is currently running, can be run in the future or ran in the past. It can be compiled or it can be a script which is also something that can be used to automate a series of other processes. Job control can also be performed manually by an operator to change the priority of execution (foreground or background) or to suspend or kill a job if necessary. It can be defining a group of processes that will be run sequentially with the use of the pipe ( | ) and redirecting input and output. All this and more can also be accomplished by using a script to allow one person to setup a series of jobs to be run and even allow it some intelligence as to when. A example of this might be to run a utility, only if the boss is not on line. This might be for any number of reasons including that the boss may run a program that causes conflict with the utility and crashes the system.

When you execute a program on your UNIX system, the system creates a special environment for that program. This environment contains everything needed for the system to run the program as if no other program were running on the system. Whenever you issue a command in UNIX, it creates, or starts, a new process. When you tried out the ls command to list directory contents, you started a process. A process, in simple terms, is an instance of a running program. The operating system tracks processes through a five digit ID number known as the pid or process ID . Each process in the system has a unique pid. Pids eventually repeat because all the possible numbers are used up and the next pid rolls or starts over. At any one time, no two processes with the same pid exist in the system because it is the pid that UNIX uses to track each process.

Job control in computering refers to the control of multiple tasks or jobs on a computer system, ensuring that they each have access to adequate resources to perform correctly, that competition for limited resources does not cause a deadlock where two or more jobs are unable to complete resolving such situations where they do occur, and terminating jobs that, for any reason, are not performing as expected.

When it comes to UNIX/Linux processes and jobs can be interchangeable terms because they both basically refer to the same thing. A process is something that can run, or something that can be executed. A command or a program can be considered a process under this logic. Once a command is executed by the user and runs on the system and eventually displays an output then a process has occurred. Note that this type of process is a foreground process. A background process is when the command or program runs in the background without tying up the shell and output for the user. This ties right in along the concept of job control which has to do with whether jobs run in the foreground or background and where or how results are displayed.

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A process in UNIX is when the operator issues a command to the system. There are two types of process that run in a system they are Foreground and Background. The default process for a system is the foreground process, this one gets its input from the keyboard and sends the output to the screen. A background process is the one that runs without being connected to the keyboard or sending an output to the display. The simplist version of a foreground process is running the command $ls ch* .doc, this is the command that displays the contents a file. To start a background process all that would be needed is the addition of the ampersand (&) same command but it would look like this $ls ch* .doc &.

Job control refers to the orchestration of multiple batch jobs.

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Back to Twin Surplus

More balance experienced when it came to the rest of the world and Chinas’ economic relationship. This is mainly due to the economic stability that china is enjoying at the moment. In 2013, china’s BOP (balance of payments) swung back to twin surplus after temporally dropping its financial account in the year 2012. Also in 2012, the surplus remained almost at the same level. Its trade surplus increased at a very high rate and almost topped the record levels of 2008. It is worth noting that much of the increase largely depended on the goods trade balance that was initially made up for by a great services trade deficit. One of the factors of this swing was the payments that originated from tourism.

It also experienced a large swing as a result of currency expectations. The financial account is the one that showed the greatest swing that enjoyed a surplus of approximately $260 billion from a net deficit of $ 21 billion. There was marginally widening of surplus in securities investment. This was largely due to the already existing inflow restrictions to different channels. The bulk change came from surplus inflows that captured loans, trade credit, and currency holdings deposits.

Another thing that gave rise to this swing is the decisions of banks and firms to hold or sell foreign exchange. There is a lower surplus than expected in the current account. This suggests that china will again be able to extend the break it has received in recent years from its economic partners regardless of any external pressure. However, there is more expectation on china’s superiority to emerge once more in 2014 due to the following reason: In dollar terms, the trade balance of china grew to $360 billion which is almost the same level as in 2008.

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This means that china will have to pressure itself in adjusting to goods trade balance that is done through the exchange rate.